1 Samuel 17 ©
The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being drawn out to battle, Goliath cometh forward with a proud challenge. David, sent by his father to the army to visit his brethren, heareth the challenge, and expresseth indignation thereat. Eliab his eldest brother chideth him. His words cause him to be brought before Saul; he accepteth the challenge, and sheweth the grounds of his confidence. He refuseth Saul's armour, and armed only with a sling and a stone slayeth the giant. The Philistines are routed. David bringeth back the head of Goliath. Saul enquireth and taketh notice of him.
And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by bthe valley of Elah, and 2set the battle in array against the Philistines.
And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was 3armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
And he had *greaves of brass upon his legs, and a 4*target of brass between his shoulders.
And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye eservants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
¶Now David was gthe son of that hEphrathite of Beth-lehem-judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had ieight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
But David went and returned mfrom Saul to feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem.
And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;
And ocarry these ten 5cheeses unto the 6captain of their thousand, and look phow thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
¶And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the 7trench, as the host was going forth to the 8fight, and shouted for the battle.
For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
And David left 9his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the *carriage, and ran into the army, and came and 10saluted his brethren.
And as he talked with them, behold, there came up qthe champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake raccording to the same words: and David heard them.
And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled 11from him, and were *sore afraid.
And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and sit shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the treproach from Israel? for who is this uuncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of vthe living God?
And the people answered him after this manner, saying, wSo shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
¶And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's xanger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? yI know thy pride, and the *naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
¶And he turned from him toward another, and aspake after the same 12manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
And when the words were heard which David spake, they *rehearsed them before Saul: and he 13sent for him.
And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a 14lamb out of the flock:
Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this funcircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
¶And Saul 15armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and kthe man that bare the shield went before him.
And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a oshield: but pI come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast qdefied.
rThis day will the LORD 18deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; sthat all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
And zthe men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou acome to the valley, and to the gates of bEkron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto cGath, and unto Ekron.
And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
¶And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said funto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, gwhose son is this youth? And Abner said, As hthy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the istripling is.
And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul jwith the head of the Philistine in his hand.