The prophet Zephaniah is one of the lesser prophets who prophesied before the Babylonian captivity; for, the prophets, who follow after him, lived and prophesied partly at and partly after the deliverance of the Jewish people out of the Babylonian captivity. Zephaniah lived in the time of king Josiah when Jeremiah began to prophecy and when the prophetess Huldah also did prophecy. Zephaniah foretells the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the entire tribe of Judah, that, by reason of their idolatry and other sins, they would be destroyed by the Chaldeans. In the meanwhile, he exhorts them to repentance, and he prophecies likewise against some foreign nations. Thereafter he returns to the sins and obstinacy of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, together with the punishments which they were to expect. Finally, he exhorts the godly to patience, and comforts them with evangelical promises of the gathering and spreading of the church in the time of the MESSIAH by the calling of the Gentiles, and how God would sanctify, bless and glorify them, and on the contrary He would destroy all their enemies.