THE FIFTH BOOK OF
D E U T E R O N O M Y
Deuteronomy 20 ©
Divine rules and directions concerning war, as with what confidence they were to go to war, v. 1, etc. How the priest was to direct his speech unto the people, when they were to enter into battle, 2. The officers were to charge some certain persons to return home-ward, 5. And then to appoint captains in the front of the people, 9. An order concerning the besieging and taking of the cities, both without and within Canaan, 10. What trees they might cut down at a siege, and what not, 19.
WHEN thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,
And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them;
For the LORD your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.
¶And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, 1What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not 2dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, anda hath not yet 3eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.
And what man is there thatb hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.
And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, Whatc man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren’s heart 4faint as well as his heart.
And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to 5lead the people.
¶When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then 6proclaim peace unto it.
And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.
And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:
And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with 7the edge of the sword:
But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of 8these nations.
But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thoud shalt save alive nothing that 9breatheth:
But thou shalt 10utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:
That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.
¶When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down 11(for the tree of the field is 12man’s life) 13to employ 14them in the siege:
Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarkse against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.