The author or writer of this book is Solomon, who wrote it by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. It is a dialogue between CHRIST, as the Bridegroom, and the bride, His church, under the type or figure of Solomon and his bride in a manner as in Psalm 45. The bridesmaids of the bride and the friends of the Bridegroom do also speak sometimes in this Song. Under the name of friends of the Bridegroom one may understand the true, sincere, godly prophets of the Old Testament, and the apostles of the New Testament, together with all the faithful preachers or teachers and defenders of the church. Under the name of the bridesmaids, or companions of the bride, one may understand the professors of the Name of JESUS CHRIST, and of true religion. Under the name of the Bridegroom and of the bride are described in this Song in flourishing and rhetorical words, the true hearty love, and the most excellent benefits of the Lord JESUS CHRIST, the Bridegroom, unto the christian church, His bride; and on the other hand the hearty longing of the bride, His holy church, after her beloved Bridegroom, the Lord JESUS CHRIST. In this book is also represented before our eyes the state and condition of the church of God here upon earth, as likewise her virtues, and also her blemishes and imperfections.
The Jewish teachers would have none to read the first chapter of Genesis, neither this Song of Solomon, nor the beginning or ending of the prophet Ezekiel until he would be thirty years old, but wrongfully and out of superstition. Howbeit the mysterious sentences and matters of which are therein contained and treated, require a very mature, settled and a well exercised understanding, as likewise moderated and sanctified affections, very requisite and necessary for the right apprehensions of the deep mysteries and secrets which are contained in it, with the expositions which are here annexed for illustrations or enlightenment. Nevertheless other Scriptural interpretations are not rejected, which might be applied.