Psalm 132

1David in prayer commendeth unto God his zeal to provide a place for the ark. 8His prayer at the removing of the ark. 11God's promises to David.

0 A1 Song of degrees.

1 See Psalm 120 in the title.

1LORD,23remember David, and all his afflictions:

2 It seems that this psalm was written when the ark was brought out of Obed-edom’s house into the city of David, 1 Chronicles 15. Some perceive that Solomon made this psalm when he was to remove the ark into the temple.

3 He wants to say: Remember what Thou didst promise him by Nathan, 2 Samuel 7. Or, Let it appear that Thou art mindful of David for his good, giving him that which he is humbly seeking at Thy hands by prayer.

2How he sware unto the LORD, and 4vowed unto 5the mighty God of Jacob;

4 See the annotation at Psalm 61 on verse 5.

5 See the annotation at Gen. 49 on verse 24.

36Surelya I will not come into the tabernacle 7of my house, nor go up 8into my bed;

6 That is, assuredly I will not go, etc. See Psalm 89:35; 95:11, and the annotations there.

a 1 Chron. 15:1.

7 Which David had caused to be built. See 2 Sam. 5:9; 1 Chron. 14:1; 15:1. As if David had said: I am resolved I will not go into that house to live or sleep there, till I shall, etc., verse 5.

8 Hebr. of my beds, that is, of any of them.

4I will not give 9sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids,

9 That is, suffer them to sleep.

5Until I 10find out 11a place 12for the LORD, an 13habitation 14for the mighty God of Jacob.

10 That is, fitted and prepared, as Acts 7:46.

11 Whereof see 2 Sam. 6:17; 1 Chron. 16:1.

12 Who was wont to manifest His presence from the top of the ark and gave answers thence. See Psalm 43:3.

13 Hebr. habitations, because of the many chambers and rooms of refuge in the temple.

14 Who sat upon the ark of the covenant.

6Lo, we heard 15of it 16at Ephratah: 17we found it in the fields of 18the wood.

15 Namely, of the ark.

16 Some do understand here by Ephratah the district of the land of Bethlehem, where Kirjath-Jearim and Obed-edom’s house was not located far from it. See Gen. 35:16, 19. Others understand by Ephratah Ephraim, and in it more particularly Shiloh situated in Ephraim, where the ark stood for a good while, Judges 18:31; 21:19; 1 Sam. 1:3.

17 Namely, when we were to bring her up to Jerusalem.

18 Otherwise called in the sacred history Kirjath-jearim, that is, the city of the woods; where the ark stayed twenty years after her return out of the land of the Philistines, 1 Sam. 6:21; 7:1, 2. It is likewise called Baale (that is, the plains) of Judah, 2 Sam. 6:2, because it was situated in a flat bushy country. Some put here the fields of the wood.

7We will go into 19his tabernacles: we will worship 20at 21his footstool.

19 Namely, of the Lord. Other, her, namely the ark.

20 Or, before, toward, or over against.

21 See the annotation Psalm 99 on verse 5.

822Arise, O LORD, 23into thy rest; 24thou, and the ark of thy strength.

22 See 1 Chron. 28:2; 2 Chron. 6:41, 42, where this verse and the next two following are applied by Solomon, to the bringing in of the ark at that time into the Holy of Holies.

23 That is, to the place which Thou hast chosen and hallowed, for the ark of the covenant to abide there constantly. So likewise verse 14; 2 Chron. 6 and see the annotation there on verse 41.

24 Here God and the ark are joined together, as before they were named each apart. See the annotation 2 Chron. 6 on verse 41.

9Let thy priests 25be clothed with righteousness; and let 26thy saints shout for joy.

25 That is, grant that they may perform their priestly office uprightly and holily. See this expression Job 29:14.

26 That is, Thy people Israel. See 1 Chron. 15:28. The prophet wishes that the godly may have cause of rejoicing, being rightly instructed by the priests in all godliness out of God’s Holy Word.

1027For thy servant David’s sake 28turn not away the face of thine 29anointed.

27 He wants to say: in regard of the promises which Thou madest unto me. Or, we may understand Christ here by David, by whom He was typified. So likewise Psalm 18:50; Jer. 30:9; Ezek. 34:23; 37:24; Hosea 3:5. And then the sense is: even for Jesus Christ’s sake, Who is called the Servant of God, in regard of the servile condition which He was to undergo.

28 That is, that God would not refuse him his petition; or, do not deny him his prayer. See the annotation 1 Kings 2 on verses 16, 20. Or, do not refuse him this favorable answer or address and assistance.

29 By anointed the prophet understands here himself.

11The LORD hath sworn in 30truth unto David; he will not turn from it; 31Of the fruit of thy body will 32I setb upon thy throne.

30 That is, has sworn a firm oath, a sure promise, or an oath of truth.

31 That is, some of thy children or posterity. See 2 Sam. 7:12, etc. This promise has relation to Christ, Acts 2:30.

32 That is, cause to reign after thee.

b 2 Sam. 7:12; 1 Kings 8:25; 2 Chron. 6:16; Luke 1:69.

12If thy children will keep 33my covenant and 34my testimony that I shall teach them, their children shall also sit upon thy throne 35for evermore.

33 That is, My commandments.

34 That is, My laws wherein I testify how I will be honored and served.

35 That is, thy posterity shall enjoy the earthly kingdom for a long time, but the spiritual shall be permanent in Christ to all eternity, Luke 1:32, 33.

13For the LORD hath chosen 36Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation.

36 That is, the city of Jerusalem, built upon the hill of Zion. This city the LORD has chosen that His Holy worship would be set up and established there.

14Thiscis my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I 37have desired it.

c verse 8; Psalm 68:16.

37 Namely, this same seat or habitation, namely, Jerusalem, or Zion.

15I will 38abundantly bless 39her provision: I will satisfy her poor with bread.

38 Hebr. blessing bless, that is, I will surely provide them with all necessities.

39 Namely, from Jerusalem, that is, from the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

16I will also clothe herd priests 40with salvation: and 41her saints shall shout 42aloud for joy.

d2 Chron. 6:41.

40 See verse 9; 2 Chron. 6 on verse 41. Compare 1 Tim. 4:16.

41 That is, My beloved ones, whom I have in Jerusalem or Zion.

42 Hebr. shouting shout.

1743Theree will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained 44a lamp for 45mine anointed.

43 That is, I will multiply David’s kingdom and power at Jerusalem, giving him sons to succeed him in that kingdom, and principally Christ, the spiritual King. See Psalm 75:4; 89:17, 24; Luke 1:69.

eLuke 1:69.

44 Whereby is understood by the lamp the same thing signified by the horn before, namely, the posterity of David in the kingdom, and especially Christ. See 1 Kings 11 on verse 36; Luke 2:32.

45 That is, king David.

18His enemies will 46I clothe 47with shame: but upon himself 48shall his crown 49flourish.

46 That is, I will confound his enemies in all their devices and practices, as Psalm 35:26; 109:29.

47 See the annotation at 2 Chron. 6 on verse 41.

48 That is, his majesty and glory, his kingdom.

49 That is, remain fresh and flourishing, and never wither or decay.