Leviticus 17

1The blood of all slain beasts must be offered to the Lord at the door of the tabernacle, and no sacrifices made to devils. 10All eating of blood is forbidden, 15and of that which dieth of itself, or is torn.

1AND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2Speak unto Aaron, and unto his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them; This is 1the thing which the LORD hath commanded, saying,

1 Or, the word.

3What 2man soever there be of the house of Israel, that 3killeth an ox, or lamb, or goat, 4in the camp, or that killeth it out of the camp,

2 Hebr. man man, that is, every man, or, everyone, whoever he be; also Lev. 15:2 and below verses 8, 10.

3 Namely, to offer the same unto the Lord; as plainly appears by the sequel, verse 4.

4 Understand outside the court of the tabernacle, as the next verse shows.

4And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering unto the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD; 5blood shall be imputed unto that man; he hath shed blood; and that 6man shall be cut off from among his people:

5 That is, he is to be reputed as if he had spilled or shed innocent blood. See the reason hereof verse 11.

6 See Gen. 17 on verse 14 and Lev. 18 on verse 29.

5To the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they offer 7in the open field, even that they may bring them unto the LORD, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest, and offer them for peace offerings unto the LORD.

7 Hebr. upon the face of the field. The Israelites practiced this before the setting up of the tabernacle, Exod. 5:3; 8:27; which now the Lord forbids on pain of cutting off the transgressor from his people, verses 4, 9.

6And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and burn the fat for aa8sweet savour unto the LORD.

a Exod. 29:18; Lev. 4:31.

8 See Gen. 8 on verse 21.

7And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto 9devils, after whom they have gone 10a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.

9 The Hebrew word signifies properly such as are rough and hairy, like goats, in which or such like shapes the devils sometimes appear to men, and thus likewise they are pictured, or fashioned by the heathens, and also worshipped; see likewise of these 2 Chron. 11:15.

10 That is, with whom they do commit idolatry. For as a woman plays the whore, communicating her body to any man besides her own lawful husband, so it is spiritual whoredom when a man yields and attributes love and honor, which he owes to none but God, unto idols or any other creature, whether it be outwardly or inwardly. See Exod. 34:15; Lev. 20:5, 6 with the annotation. Judges 8:33; Ezek. 16:16, 26; 23:8, 19, 21, etc.

8¶And thou shalt say unto them, Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn among you, that offereth a burnt offering or sacrifice,

9And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer it unto the LORD; even that man shall be cut off from among his people.

10¶And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, thatb eateth any manner of blood; I will even set 11my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.

b Gen. 9:4; Lev. 3:17; 7:27; 19:26; Deut. 12:16, 23; 1 Sam. 14:33.

11 Hebr. I will give my face against the soul, that is, I shall be highly offended with such an one, and become His enemy, and shall make it My work to execute My righteous punishment and vengeance upon him. Also Lev. 20:3; 26:17; Ezek. 14:8, etc.

11For the life 12of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an 13atonement for the soul.

12 That is, of the living beast. See Gen. 9 on verse 4.

13 Namely, sacramentally, pointing at, or typifying the blood of Jesus Christ, the immaculate Lamb, Who was to be slain for people upon the altar of the cross; Rom. 3:25; Col. 1:20; Heb. 9:12.

12Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood.

13And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, 14which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

14 Hebr. that shall have hunted the hunting of a wild beast, etc., that is, captured by hunting. Compare with this the annotation at Gen. 27 on verse 3.

14Forcit is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is 15for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for 16the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off.

c Gen. 9:4.

15 Or, in, or, with the soul.

16 See verse 11.

15Andd every soul that 17eateth that which died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean.

d Exod. 22:31; Lev. 11:40; Ezek. 44:31.

17 Namely, through ignorance or inadvertence, and not of deliberation or set purpose. See Lev. 11 on verse 40.

16But if he wash 18them not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear 19his iniquity.

18 Namely, his clothes.

19 See Lev. 5 on verse 1.