Exodus 29

1The sacrifice and ceremonies of consecrating the priests. 38The continual burnt offering. 43God's promise to sanctify and dwell among the children of Israel.

1AND thisais the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams 1without blemish,

a Lev. 8:2; 9:2.

1 See Exod. 12:5.

2And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened temperedb with oil, and wafers unleavened 2anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.

b mixed

2 Understand here, oil of olives.

3And thou shalt put them into one basket, and 3bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.

3 Other, offer.

4And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and 4shalt wash them with water.

4 Namely, out of the holy laver; Exod. 30:18.

5And thou shalt take 5the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

5 Namely, the holy or hallowed garments, spoken of in Exodus 28.

6And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy 6crown upon the mitre.

6 The Hebrew word used here, namely, nezer, properly signifies separation, setting apart. This crown is called thus, because she was a sign of separation from all other men; and therefore also the crown of kings is called nezer, 2 Sam. 1:10; Psalm 89:39. Here it is the ornament of the high priest to show his dignity. It appears from Exod. 28:36 and Lev. 8:9 that the plate there mentioned and the crown are one and the same thing.

7Then shalt thouc take 7the anointing oil, and pour it 8upon his head, and anoint him.

c Exod. 30:25.

7 Of which is spoken in Exod. 30:23.

8 That it may run down by his beard, Psalm 133:2.

8And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.

9And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs 9for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt 10consecrate Aaron and his sons.

9 That is, until the Messiah’s coming, for then Aaron’s service together with all the ceremonies were finished.

10 See Lev. 7 on verse 37 and Lev. 8:22-35.

10Andd thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put 11their hands upon the head of the bullock.

d Lev. 1:3.

11 Hebr. lean with their hands.

11And thou shalt kill the bullock 12before the LORD, 13by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

12 See Lev. 1:3.

13 Or, before.

12And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour 14all the blood 15beside the bottom of the altar.

14 That is, all the rest of the blood, as also verse 20.

15 Where there was a drain or opening, through which it ran away.

13And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caulethat is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.

e fatty membrane around an organ*

14Butf the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

f Lev. 4:12; Heb. 13:11.

15¶Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

16And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood,g and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.

g Heb. 9:12, 19.

17And thou 16shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.

16 Or, cut him into his pieces, namely, after that his skin shall be flayed off, Lev. 1:6.

18And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made 17by fire unto the LORD.

17 It is a sacrifice which is totally to be consumed by fire, see Lev. 1:9.

19¶And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

20Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle 18the blood upon the altar round about.

18 See verse 12.

21And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of 19the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

19 Described in Exod. 30:22 and following verses.

22Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and 20the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right 21shoulder; for it is a ram 22of consecration:

20 That is, which is upon, or over the liver, as verse 13.

21 Other, hind-quarter.

22 Hebr. of the fillings, replenishings, and so in the sequel; see Lev. 7:37.

23And one loaf of bread, and one cake 23of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:

23 That is, tempered with oil.

24And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; 24and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.

24 See Lev. 7:30.

25And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them 25upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is 26an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

25 Or, beside, by the altar.

26 See verse 18.

26And thou shalt take the breast of the ram 27of Aaron’s consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be 28thy part.

27 That is, shall serve for his consecration.

28 Namely, for Moses. See Lev. 8:29.

27And thou shalt sanctify 29the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder 30of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:

29 See Lev. 7 on verse 30.

30 See Exod. 25:2.

28And ith shall be Aaron’s and his sons' by a statute for ever 31from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.

h Lev. 7:31, 34; 10:14.

31 That is, that, which shall be offered (in this kind) by the children of Israel, shall belong to Aaron and his sons.

29¶And the 32holy garments of Aaron shall be 33his sons’ 34after him, to be anointed therein, and 35to be consecrated in them.

32 Whatsoever is used for the service of God is called holy.

33 Understand one of his sons, namely, who shall be high priest after him.

34 That is, after his decease and death.

35 That is, that they may be consecrated, as verses 9, 33.

30And that son that is 36priest in his stead shall put them on 37seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.

36 Namely, high priest.

37 Namely, one after the other these seven days, for, his consecration required them, verse 35.

31¶And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh 38in the holy place.

38 Namely, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, as it is mentioned in verse 32, and Lev. 8:31. Here everyone was permitted to enter, and those who offered the sacrifice did eat their part there.

32And Aaroni and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

i Lev. 8:31; 24:9.

33And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: butj39a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are 40holy.

j Lev. 10:14; Mat. 12:4.

39 Namely, anyone who is not of the progeny or posterity of Aaron. Even the Levites themselves were not allowed to eat from it. See Lev. 10:14.

40 That is, holy food, consecrated to God. Hebr. holiness.

34And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: 41it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

41 The priests themselves were not to eat of such remainders.

35And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.

36And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: 42and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.

42 Or, thou shalt make a cleansing for the altar; understand, with the sin offering. See further, Lev. 8 on verse 15.

37Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and 43sanctify it; and it shall be an altar 44most holy: 45whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be 46holy.

43 Namely, with the holy oil.

44 As being not only hallowed itself, but hallowing likewise the gifts offered on it; and in this regard the altar was greater than the sacrifice, as Christ testifies, Mat. 23:19.

45 Other, all who, or, whosoever, and so Exod. 30:29.

46 Namely, ceremonially.

38¶Nowk this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.

k Num. 28:3.

39The one lamb thou shalt 47offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer 48at even:

47 Namely, for to be offered, or sacrificed.

48 See Exod. 12:6.

40And with the one lamb 49a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part 50of an hin of 51beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

49 Namely, of an ephah; that is, an omer. See Exod. 16:36.

50 That is, as much as eighteen hen eggshells do contain.

51 See Exod. 27:20.

41And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

42This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations 52at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.

52 Here stood the altar for burnt offerings, Exod. 40:29.

43And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and 53the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.

53 Hebr. he; that is, every one of them, or the people of Israel.

44And I will 54sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.

54 Namely, by means of My glorious appearance and presence.

45¶And I willl dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

l Exod. 25:8; Lev. 26:12; Psalm 78:60; Zech. 2:10; 2 Cor. 6:16; Rev. 21:3.

46And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.