1 Chronicles 3

1The sons of David: 10his line to Zedekiah. 17The successors of Jeconiah.

1NOW these were the sons of David, which were born unto hima in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the 1Jezreelitess; the second 2Daniel, of Abigail the 3Carmelitess:

a 2 Sam. 3:2, etc.

1 Jezreel was a city in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:56.

2 He is called Chileab in 2 Sam. 3:3.

3 That is, who was born at Carmel, a city situated in Judah, Joshua 15:55; 1 Sam. 27:3.

2The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:

3The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his 4wife.

4 The word wife, though it be only mentioned here, yet it is also applicable to the women mentioned in the previous verses.

4These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.

5And theseb were born unto him in Jerusalem; 5Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of 6Bath-shua the daughter of 7Ammiel:

b 2 Sam. 5:14, etc.

5 Otherwise called Shammua, 2 Sam. 5:14.

6 She is also called Bath-sheba, a daughter of Eliam, 2 Sam. 11:3.

7 Other, Eliam, 2 Sam. 11:3.

6Ibhar also, and 8Elishama, and Eliphelet,

8 Other, Elishua, 2 Sam. 5:15.

7And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

8And Elishama, and 9Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.

9 He is called Beeliada in 1 Chron. 14:7.

9These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and 10Tamar their sister.

10 This was the sister of Absalom, 2 Sam. 13:1.

10¶And 11Solomon’s son was Rehoboam,c Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,

11 In this and the following verses are set down the kings of Judah, who came from Solomon unto Jeconiah.

c 1 Kings 11:43; 14:31; 15:8, 24.

11Joramd his son, 12Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,

d 2 Kings 8:16, 25; 11:2.

12 Hebr. Achazjahu.

1213Amaziahe his son, 14Azariah his son, Jotham his son,

13 Hebr. Amatsiahu.

e 2 Kings 12:21; 14:21; 15:7.

14 Other, Uzziah, 2 Kings 15:30, 34.

13Ahazf his son, 15Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,

f 2 Kings 15:38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18.

15 Hebr. Chizkiahu.

14Amon his son, 16Josiahg his son.

16 Hebr. Josijahu.

g 2 Kings 22:1.

15And the sonsh of Josiah were, the firstborn 17Johanan, the second 18Jehoiakim, the third 19Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.

h 2 Kings 23:30, 34.

17 He is called Jehoahaz, 2 Kings 23:30, also Shallum, Jer. 22:11.

18 He is also called Eliakim, 2 Kings 23:34.

19 Hebr. Tsidkijahu. He is called Mattaniah, 2 Kings 24:17.

16And the sons of Jehoiakim: 20Jeconiahi his son, 21Zedekiah his son.

20 He is also called Jehoiakim, 2 Kings 24:6, and in a contemptible way Chonia, Jer. 22:24, 28.

i 2 Kings 24:6, 17.

21 This Zedekiah (according to the opinion of some) was the same Zedekiah, who was mentioned in the previous verse, namely, the son of Josiah, and uncle of Jeconiah, 2 Kings 34:17, but called here a son of Jeconiah, because he has succeeded him in the kingdom, as children do succeed their fathers in the inheritances. So likewise would Salathiel be called a son of Jeconiah, because he, as the next heir, succeeded him in the royal government. And Jeconiah died at Babel without children, as appears by Jer. 22:30, and Salathiel was properly a son of Neri, of the posterity of Nathan, the son of David, the brother of Solomon, Luke 3:27, 31. Others say that this Zedekiah, mentioned in verse 16, was another Zedekiah than mentioned in verse 15. First, because in no genealogy two fathers are expressly attributed to one son. Secondly, because the uncle cannot be the son of him that is his nephew, and because (according to their opinion) as yet no example has been found in any genealogy where the word son (although it otherwise is diversely used) did, or does signify a successor in the government. For, Salathiel, verse 17, is properly called the son of Jeconiah, because he was begotten of him, Mat. 1:12, and differed from another Salathiel, Luke 3, who was begotten of Neri, Luke 3:27, so that the same names are no sure indications of the same persons; as appears Luke 3:24 compare with verse 29, and 1 Chron. 6:7, 8, compared with verses 11, 12. As also Jer. 22, 28, 30 seed is attributed to Jeconiah, against which the Hebrew word ariri (there used) is not contrary, which signifies stripped, sometimes in regard of children, sometimes in regards of lands and goods or estates, that is, cast out, which agrees with Jer. 22:28. Of both these opinions the reader may judge.

17¶And the sonsj of Jeconiah; 22Assir, Salathiel his son,

j Mat. 1:11, 12.

22 Other, of the prisoners; he was carried captive to Babylon, 2 Kings 24:15.

1823Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

23 The following six names are sons of Salathiel.

19And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:

20And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-hesed, 24five.

24 He does not say that these five were sons of Zerubbabel; they were Meshullam’s sons, and Zerubbabel was their grandfather.

21And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.

22And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, 25six.

25 Among these six Shemaiah himself must also be counted; Shemaiah was properly the son of Shechaniah, the others were his nephews.

23And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.

24And the sons of Elioenai were, 26Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.

26 Hebr. Hodajevahu. Besides the above mentioned proper names with the Hebrew ending in hu, there be yet many more in the histories of the Bible, which to set them all down would be too long, and likewise tedious for the reader to observe.