Joshua 8

1God encourageth Joshua. 3The stratagem for taking Ai. 9Joshua placeth the ambush, and advanceth toward the city. 14Ai is taken, and the king thereof hanged. 30The altar is built in Ebal, the law written on stones, and the blessings and curses pronounced before the people, as Moses had commanded.

1AND the LORD said unto Joshua, aFear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, bI have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land:

a De. 1.21; 7.18; 31.8. Is. 12.2; 41.10,15,16; 43.2. ch. 1.6,9. b ch. 6.2; 2.11,24; 10.8. v.18. Ps. 44.3. Da. 2.21.

2And thou cshalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: donly the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a *prey unto yourselves: elay thee an ambush for the city behind it.

*prey-booty, spoil.

c ch. 6.21. De. 3.2. d De. 20.14. Pr. 28.20. Je. 17.11. Job 27.16,17. e v.4,7,9,12. Ju. 20.29. 2Ch. 13.13.

3¶So Joshua arose, and fall the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away gby night.

f v.1. ch. 7.3. g Mat. 24.35,43,44. 1Th. 5.2,3. 2Pe. 3.10. Re. 16.15.

4And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie 1in wait against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready:

1Or, in ambush, Ec. 7.19. Ps. 112.5. v.2,9,19,21,22. Ju. 20.29.

5And I, and all the people that are with me, will approach unto the city: and it shall come to pass, when they come out against us, as at the first, hthat we will flee before them,

h Ec. 9.18; 7.19. Ju. 20.31,32. Mat. 10.16.

6(For they will come out after us) till we have 2drawn them from the city; for ithey will say, They flee before us, as at the first: therefore we will flee before them.

2Heb. pulled.

i Ex. 15.9. Ju. 20.32; 5.30. Ec. 8.11.

7Then jye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand.

j Ec. 9.10. 1Ki. 20.18.

8And it shall be, when ye have taken the city, that ye shall kset the city on fire: according to the commandment of the LORD shall ye do. lSee, I have commanded you.

k v.28. l ch. 1.9,16. 2Sa. 13.28.

9¶Joshua therefore sent them forth: and they went to lie in ambush, and abode between mBeth-el and Ai, on the west side of Ai: but Joshua lodged that night among the people.

m Ge. 28.19; 12.8; 13.3; 31.13; 35.1,3,6. ch. 7.2; 16.1,2. Ju. 1.22; 4.5. 1Sa. 7.16; 10.3. 1Ki. 12.29,33. 2Ki. 23.15-19.

10And Joshua nrose up early in the morning, and numbered the people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai.

n ch. 6.12; 7.16; 3.1. Ps. 101.8; 119.60. Je. 48.10. Ec. 9.10. 2Co. 6.2.

11And all the people, even the people of war that were with him, went up, and drew nigh, and came before the city, and pitched on the north side of Ai: now there was a valley between them and Ai.

12And he took about ofive thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush between Beth-el and Ai, on the west side 3of the city.

3Or, of Ai.

o v.9.

13And when they had set the people, even all the host that was on the north of the city, and their 4liers in wait on the west of the city, Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley.

4Heb. lying in wait. 2Sa. 23.7. Ec. 9.12. 1Sa. 23.7.

14¶And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it , that they hasted and rose up early, and pthe men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but qhe *wist not that there were liers in ambush against him behind the city.


p v.16,19. q 1Th. 5.3. Ec. 9.12. 1Sa. 15.32,33. Da. 4.30,31. Re. 17.10. Ju. 16.20; 20.34.

15And Joshua and all Israel rmade as if they were beaten before them, and fled sby the way of the wilderness.

r Ju. 20.36. s ch. 18.12; 15.61; 16.1. Mat. 3.1; 4.1.

16And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were tdrawn away from the city.

t Ps. 9.16; 11.6. Ju. 20.31. Ex. 14.3,4. v.5,6.

17And there was not a uman left in Ai or Beth-el, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

u v.24,25. Job 5.13.

18And the LORD said unto Joshua, Stretch out the spear that is in thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua vstretched out the spear that he had in his hand toward the city.

v Ex. 17.11. v.7,8,19.

19And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.

20And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the wsmoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no 5power to flee this way or that way: and the xpeople that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.

5Heb. hand, Ps. 48.5; 76.5; 104.35. Job 11.20. Am. 2.14.

w Ge. 19.28. Re. 18.9; 19.3. x v.15.

21And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai.

22And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in the midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side: and they smote them, so that they ylet none of them remain or escape.

y De. 7.2. ch. 6.21; 10.28-40; 11.11,12. Am. 2.13. Job 20.5; 24.24.

23And zthe king of Ai they took alive, and brought him to Joshua.

z ch. 10.22,25. 1Sa. 15.8. Re. 19.20.

24And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites areturned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.

a Nu. 21.24,25. ch. 10.28,30,32,35,37, 39; 11.11,12.

25And so it was, that all that fell that day, both of men and women, were twelve thousand, even all the men of bAi.

b v.17.

26For Joshua cdrew not his hand back, wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.

c v.18. Ex. 17.11.

27dOnly the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took for a *prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the LORD which he commanded Joshua.

*prey-booty, spoil.

d Nu. 31.22-26. v.2.

28And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an heap efor ever, even a desolation unto this day.

e Ne. 11.31. Ezr. 2.28. De. 13.16.

29And the king of Ai he fhanged on a tree until eventide: gand as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and hraise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

f Ps. 107.40; 110.5,6. Es. 7.10. De. 21.23. Ac. 12.23. Re. 19.17,18. ch. 10.26. g ch. 10.27. h ch. 7.26. 2Sa. 18.17. La. 3.53.

30¶Then Joshua ibuilt an altar unto the LORD God of Israel in mount Ebal,

i Ge. 8.20; 12.7,8. De. 11.29; 27.4-6. Ex. 20.24,25.

31As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the jbook of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they koffered thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.

j Ex. 20.25. De. 27.5,6. k Le. 1; 3. De. 27.6,7. Ex. 20.24.

32¶And he lwrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.

l De. 27.2,3,8; 17.18. Ex. 34.1.

33And mall Israel, and their elders, and nofficers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, owhich bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, as well pthe stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; qas Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel.

m De. 27.12,13; 11.29. n ch. 1.10. o De. 31.9. p Ex. 12.49. Le. 24.22. Nu. 15.16,29. De. 31.12. q De. 11.29; 27.12.

34And afterward rhe read all the words of the law, the sblessings and tcursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law.

r Ne. 8.1-3. De. 31.11. s De. 27.14-26; 28.1-68; 30.19. t De. 28.15-68; 29.20,21.

35There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, uwith the women, and the little ones, and vthe strangers that 6were *conversant among them.

6Heb. walked.


u De. 31.12; 29.10,11. Ne. 8.2. v v.33.