Exodus 1

1The children of Israel after Joseph's death multiply greatly. 8They are oppressed by a new king, but multiply so much the more. 15The piety of the midwives in saving the men children alive is rewarded by God. 22Pharaoh commandeth the male children to be cast into the river.

1NOW athese are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

a Ge. 29.31-35; 30.1-24; 46.8-26; 49.3-27; 35.22-26. ch. 6.14-16. 1Ch. 2.1,2; 12.23-40; 27.16-22.

2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,

3Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

4Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

5And all the souls that came out of the 1loins of Jacob were bseventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

1Heb. thigh.

b Ge. 46.27. De. 10.22. Ac. 7.14.

6And cJoseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

c Ge. 50.24,26. Ac. 7.15-17.

7¶And dthe children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

d Ge. 8.17; 12.2; 13.16; 15.5; 17.4-6,16; 22.17; 26.4; 28.4,14; 35.11; 46.3; 47.27. Ps. 105.23,24. De. 10.22; 26.5. Ne. 9.23. ch. 12.37. Ac. 7.17.

8Now there arose up a enew king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

e Ac. 7.18. Ec. 9.15.

9And he said unto his people, fBehold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

f Job 5.2. Ec. 4.4. Pr. 14.28; 27.4. Ja. 4.5; 3.14,16. Tit. 3.3. Nu. 22.4,5. Ps. 105.24.

10gCome on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so hget them up out of the land.

g Pr. 1.11. Ac. 7.19. Ps. 105.25. Nu. 22.6. h Ge. 15.14; 46.4; 50.24. ch. 12; 14.

11Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to iafflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh jtreasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

i Ge. 15.13. ch. 2.11; 5.4,5; 6.6,7. Ps. 81.6; 68.13; 105.25. De. 26.6. j 1Ki. 9.19. Ge. 47.11. ch. 12.37.

122But the more they afflicted them, kthe more they multiplied and grew. And they were lgrieved because of the children of Israel.

2Heb. And as they afflicted them, so they multiplied.

k Ps. 105.24. Pr. 21.30. Ac. 14.22. Ro. 8.28. He. 12.6-11. l Pr. 27.4. Job 5.2. v.9.

13And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with mrigour:

m ch. 20.2; 2.23; 3.7. De. 4.20; 26.6. Ps. 68.13; 81.6. Ge. 15.13. Ac. 7.19.

14And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all *manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

*manner-kind, sort.

15¶And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:

16And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall nkill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

n Re. 12.3-5. Ps. 83.4. Mat. 21.38.

17But the midwives ofeared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

o Pr. 16.6,7; 24.11,12. Ac. 5.29; 4.19. Da. 3.16-18. Ge. 9.5,6.

18And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, pWhy have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

p 2Sa. 13.28. Ec. 8.4.

19And qthe midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.

q Jos. 2.4. 2Sa. 17.19,20.

20Therefore rGod dealt well with the midwives: and sthe people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

r He. 6.10. Ps. 41.1,2. Mat. 10.42; 25.40. Pr. 19.17. Ec. 8.12. s v.7,12.

21And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he tmade them houses.

t 1Sa. 2.35. 2Sa. 7.11,13,27. Ps. 113.9; 127.1,3; 37.3. 1Ki. 2.24; 11.38. Ec. 8.12.

22And Pharaoh ucharged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.

u Ac. 7.19. Ps. 105.25. Pr. 27.4; 1.16; 4.16. v.16.