Paul declareth that he did not use human learning and eloquence in preaching the gospel to his converts, that their faith, being built on the testimony of the spirit, and on miracles, might be solely ascribed to God. The gospel doth contain God's wise, but secret, counsel, for bringing men to glory; which no natural abilities could discover, but the spirit of God only, by which it was revealed to the apostles. Upon this account both the doctrine and its teachers are held in disesteem by the mere natural man, who is not duly qualified to judge of and discern them.
1AND I, brethren, when I came to you, acame not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the btestimony of God.
a ch. 1.17. v.4,6,13. 2Co. 1.12; 10.10; 11.6. 2Pe. 1.16. b 2Pe. 1.16. 2Th. 1.10. 2Ti. 1.8. Re. 1.2,9. Is. 8.20. ch. 1.6.
2For I determined cnot to know any thing among you, *save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.
c ch. 1.6,23; 15.3,4. Jn. 17.3. Ac. 26.18. Ga. 6.14. Phi. 3.8-10.
3And I was with you din weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
d Ac. 18.3; 20.18,19. 2Co. 10.10; 4.7; 11.29,30; 12.5,9,10. Ga. 4.13. ch. 4.10-13. 2Co. 7.5; 6.4.
4eAnd my speech and my preaching was not with 1enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
e Ro. 15.19. 2Pe. 1.16. ch. 1.17. v.13. ch. 4.20. Col. 2.4. 1Th. 1.5.
5fThat your faith should not 2stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.
f ch. 1.17; 3.6. 2Co. 4.7; 6.7; 12.9. 1Pe. 1.5. Ac. 16.14; 26.18.
6Howbeit we speak wisdom among them gthat are perfect: yet hnot the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
g Phi. 3.15. He. 5.14; 6.1. Ep. 1.13,14. 1Jn. 2.14. ch. 1.5; 14.20. h ch. 1.19,20,28. Ja. 3.15. Ps. 2.1-4; 33.10. ch. 15.24.
7But we speak ithe wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom , which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
i Ep. 3.5,9,10. Ro. 16.25,26. Col. 1.26,27. 2Ti. 1.9,10. Jn. 17.3.
8jWhich none of the princes of this world knew: for khad they known it , they would not have crucified lthe Lord of glory.
j Mat. 11.25. Jn. 7.48. Ac. 13.27. v.6. ch. 1.26-28. k Lu. 23.34. Jn. 8.19; 16.3. Ac. 3.17; 13.27. 2Co. 3.14. 1Ti. 1.13. l Ac. 7.2. Ps. 24.7-10; 110.5.
9But as it is written, mEye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath nprepared for them that love him.
m Is. 64.4. v.14. 1Pe. 1.12. 1Ki. 10.7. Ps. 31.19. Col. 3.3. n Mat. 25.34.
10oBut God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
o Mat. 13.11; 16.17. Jn. 14.26; 16.13. 2Co. 3.18. 1Jn. 2.20,27. Jn. 1.18; 14.7,9. Ps. 92.5. Ro. 11.33,34.
11pFor what man knoweth the things of a man, *save the spirit of man which is in him? qeven so the things of God knoweth no man, but rthe Spirit of God.
p Je. 17.9. Pr. 14.10; 20.27; 27.19. q v.10. Mat. 11.27; 16.17. Ro. 11.33,34. 1Jn. 2.20,27. r Ro. 8.9.
12Now we have received, snot the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; tthat we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
s v.6. Ro. 8.5,6,15,16,26. t 1Jn. 2.20,27; 5.20. Ro. 8.32. ch. 3.22.
13uWhich things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy *Ghost teacheth; vcomparing spiritual things with spiritual.
u ch. 1.17. v.4. 2Pe. 1.16. Ge. 40.8; 41.16. Da. 5.12. v 2Co. 10.12.
14wBut the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them , because they are spiritually discerned.
w Mat. 13.11. Ac. 17.18; 26.24,25,28. Ro. 8.5-8. ch. 1.18,21,23; 15.44,46. Ga. 1.12. Mat. 16.23. Jude 4. 2Pe. 3.16. Re. 3.17,18. Jn. 3.3,4,6.
15xBut he that is spiritual y3judgeth all things, yet he himself is 4judged of no man.
x ch. 3.1. Ga. 6.1. Phi. 1.10. Jn. 3.6. Ro. 8.1,4. 2Co. 5.17. y Pr. 27.19; 28.5. Jn. 7.17. 1Th. 5.21. 1Jn. 4.1. He. 5.14.
16zFor who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he 5may instruct him? aBut we have the mind of Christ.
z Is. 40.13. Job 15.8. Je. 23.18. a Ps. 25.14. Jn. 15.15; 14.26; 16.13-15; 17.8.